In dogs, TER can be performed using a lateral surgical approach.
The results of this study help to clarify the prevalence of ED in different breeds in France.
A larger volume of IA injection resulted in higher CT extravasation scores.
No association was found between the grade of ED and the worsening of clinical signs.
Arthroscopy of the canine elbow joint is a safe means by which to evaluate MCP pathology.
This technique may offer an alternative surgical option to improve clinical signs.
Ultrasonography can be a helpful additional diagnostic tool to confirm medial coronoid process disease of the elbow.