Pain Management

Oral gabapentin at the dose and frequency studied did not improve subjective or objective outcome measures.
Many practices still do not consistently utilise pain scales to assess pain in dogs and cats
Local sustained release of CXB is less suitable to treat acute inflammation in arthritic joints.
It provides basic and practical information with an extensive reference list to guide those who want to further their knowledge on pain management.
Concurrent electrohydraulic ESWT and liposomal bupivacaine is likely safe.
Findings in this work imply the inhibitory effects of duloxetine against neuropathic pain, which may lead to a change of microglial activities.